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14. Frequently asked questions about medical male circumcision

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Modeling the Impact and Cost of Expanding Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa

Njeuhmeli E et al. 2011. Voluntary medical male circumcision: Modelling the impact and cost of expanding male circumcision for HIV prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa. PLoS Medicine 8(11): e1001132.

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Urinary tract infections and the uncircumcised state: an update

Wiswell TE and Hachey WE. 1993. Urinary tract infections and the uncircumcised state. Clin Pediatr 32: 130–134

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Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial

Bailey RC, Moses S, Parker CB, et al. Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2007; 369: 643-656.

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Factors associated with the early resumption of sexual activity following medical male circumcision in Nyanza province, Kenya.

Herman-Roloff A, Bailey RC and Agot K. 2012. Factors associated with the early resumption of sexual activity following medical male circumcision in Nyanza province, Kenya. AIDS Behavior 16(5): 1173–1181.

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Sex with stitches: assessing the resumption of sexual activity during the postcircumcision wound-healing period.

Hewett PC et al. 2012. Sex with stitches: The resumption of sexual activity during the postcircumcision wound healing period in Zambia. (abstract). AIDS 26(6): 749–756

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Male circumcision for HIV prevention in men in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised trial

Gray RH, Kigozi G, Serwadda D, et al. Male circumcision for HIV prevention in men in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised trial. Lancet 2007;369:657-666.

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Randomized, Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial

Auvert B, Taljaard D, Lagarde E, Sobngwi-Tambekou J, Sitta R, Puren A. Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial. PLoS Med. 2005 Nov;2(11):e298. Erratum in: PLoS Med. 2006 May;3(5):e298.

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Male circumcision and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Weiss HA, Quigley MA, Hayes RJ. Male circumcision and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS 2000; 14: 2361-2370

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Original Research – Men's Sexual Health: Adult Male Circumcision - Effects on Sexual Function and Sexual Satisfaction in Kisumu, Kenya

Krieger JJN. 2008. Adult male circumcision: Effects on sexual function and sexual satisfaction in Kisumu, Kenya. Journal of Sexual Medicine 5(11): 2610–2622

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The effect of male circumcision on sexual satisfaction and function, results from a randomized trial of male circumcision for human immunodeficiency virus prevention, Rakai, Uganda.

Kigozi G et al. 2008. The effect of male circumcision on sexual satisfaction and function: Results from a randomized trial of male circumcision for human immunodeficiency virus prevention, Rakai, Uganda. BJU International 101(1): 65–70.

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Circumcision and Human Papillomavirus Infection in Men: A Site-Specific Comparison

Hernandez BY et al. 2008. Circumcision and human papillomavirus infection in men: A site-specific comparison. J Infect Dis 197(6): 787–794.

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Male Circumcision, Penile Human Papillomavirus infection, and Cervical Cancer in female partners

Castellsagué X et al. X et al. 2002. Male circumcision, penile human papillomavirus infection, and cervical cancer in female partners. N Engl J Med 346: 1105–1112

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The chief who lit a cultural fire in Zambia

Malan M. 2012. The chief who lit a cultural fire in Zambia. Mail & Guardian, July 20. Accessed September 18, 2012

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The relationship between male circumcision and HIV infection in African populations

Bongaarts J et al. 1989. The relationship between male circumcision and HIV infection in African populations. AIDS 3: 373–377.

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Geographical Patterns of Male Circumcision Practices in Africa: Association with HIV Seroprevalence

Moses S et al. 1990. Geographical patterns of male circumcision practices in Africa: Association with HIV seroprevalence. Int J Epidemiol 19: 693–697.

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Male circumcision and HIV infection: 10 years and counting

Halperin DT and Bailey RC. 1999. Male circumcision and HIV infection: Ten years and counting. Lancet 354: 1813–1815 Daniel T Halperin Abstract http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(99)03421-2/fulltext?_eventId=login#cor1

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Female to Male Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: Risk Factors for Seroconversion in Men

Cameron DW et al. 1989. Female to male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1: Risk factors for seroconversion in men. Lancet 2: 403–407.

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Viral Load and Heterosexual Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1

Quinn TC et al. 2000. Viral load and heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Rakai Project Study Group. N Eng J Med 342: 921–929

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New data on male circumcision and HIV prevention: policy and programme implications

World Health Organization. 2007. Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention: Research Implications for Policy and Programming. Montreux, 6- 8 March 2007

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Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Circumcision Self-Report and Physical Examination Findings in Lesotho

Thomas AG et al. 2011. Voluntary medical male circumcision: A cross-sectional study comparing circumcision self-report and physical examination findings in Lesotho. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27561. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027561

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The (Mis)Reporting of Male Circumcision Status among Men and Women in Zambia and Swaziland: A Randomized Evaluation of Interview Methods

Hewett PC et al. 2012. The (mis)reporting of male circumcision status among men and women in Zambia and Swaziland: A randomized evaluation of interview methods. PLoS ONE 7(5): e36251. 10.1371/journal.pone.0036251

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Randomized, Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial

Auvert B et al. Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk. PLoS Med. 2005

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Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Modeling the Impact and Cost of Expanding Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa

Njeuhmeli E et al. VMMC Modelling the impact and cost of expanding male circumcision for HIV prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa. PLoS Med

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Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: An Introduction to the Cost, Impact, and Challenges of Accelerated Scaling Up

Hankins CA et al. Cost, impact, and challenges of scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision. PLoS Med. 2011. Printed

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Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Circumcision Self-Report and Physical Examination Findings in Lesotho

Thomas A et al. VMC – A cross-sectional study comparing self-report and physical examonation findings in Lesotho. PLoS ONE

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The (Mis)Reporting of Male Circumcision Status among Men and Women in Zambia and Swaziland: A Randomized Evaluation of Interview Methods

Hewitt P et al. The misreporting of male circumcision status among men and women in Zambia and Swaziland. PLoS ONE

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